The 59th birth anniversary of Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed was celebrated with zeal and due respect all over the country on Thursday 21st June.
To mark the day‚ Radio Pakistan broadcast special transmission to remember the great sacrifices rendered by Benazir Bhutto. National Broadcasting Service (NBS) broadcast special programmes in this regard. FM 101 Network of Radio Pakistan broadcast a transmission based on speeches‚ interviews and addresses of great leader Benazir Bhutto. The FM 94 channel of Radio Pakistan also broadcast programs in English language.
The FM 93 and Medium Wave networks of Radio Pakistan also broadcast special programmes including promos‚ interviews‚ discussion and documentaries on the life of Benazir Bhutto from 07:00 Am to 11:00 PM on 21st June.
Benazir Bhutto was a Pakistani democratic socialist who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from 1988 until 1990 and 1993 until 1996. She was the daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto‚ a former prime minister of Pakistan and the founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP)‚ which she led.
In 1982‚ at age 29‚ Benazir Bhutto became the chairwoman of PPP‚ a democratic socialist‚ centre-left party‚ making her the first woman in Pakistan to head a major political party.
In 1988‚ she became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state and was also Pakistan's first (and thus far‚ only) female prime minister. Noted for her charismatic authority and political astuteness‚ Benazir Bhutto drove initiatives for Pakistan's economy and national security‚ and she implemented social capitalist policies for industrial development and growth.
In addition‚ her political philosophy and economic policies emphasized deregulation (particularly of the financial sector)‚ flexible labor markets‚ the denationalization of state-owned corporations‚ and the withdrawal of subsidies to others. Benazir Bhutto's popularity waned amid recession‚ corruption‚ and high unemployment which later led to the dismissal of her government by conservative President Ghulam Ishaq Khan.
In 1993‚ Benazir Bhutto was re-elected for a second term after the 1993 parliamentary elections. She survived an attempted coup in 1995‚ and her hard line against the trade unions and tough rhetorical opposition to her domestic political rivals and to neighboring India earned her the nickname "Iron Lady"; she is also respectfully referred to as B.B.
In 1996‚ the charges of corruption leveled against her led to the final dismissal of her government by President Farooq Leghari. Benazir Bhutto conceded her defeat in the 1997 Parliamentary elections and went into self-imposed exile in Dubai‚ United Arab Emirates in 1998.
After nine years of self-exile‚ she returned to Pakistan on 18 October 2007‚ after having reached an understanding with Military President General Pervez Musharraf‚ by which she was granted amnesty and all corruption charges were withdrawn.
Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in a bombing on 27 December 2007‚ after leaving PPP's last rally in the city of Rawalpindi‚ two weeks before the scheduled Pakistani general election of 2008 in which she was a leading opposition candidate. The following year‚ she was named one of seven winners of the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights.