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People's Republic of China–Pakistan relations began in 1950 when Pakistan was among the first countries to break relations with the Republic of China on Taiwan and recognize the PRC. Following the 1962 Sino-Indian War, both countries has placed considerable importance on the maintenance of a extremely close and supportive relationship. Since then, the two countries have regularly exchanged high-level visits resulting in a variety of agreements.
The PRC has provided economic, military and technical assistance to Pakistan and each considers the other a close strategic ally.

Diplomatic relations were established in 1950, military assistance began in 1966. A strategic alliance was formed in 1972 and economic co-operation began in 1979. China has become Pakistan’s largest supplier of arms and its third-largest trading partner. Recently, both nations have decided to cooperate in improving. 

Background

The Chinese leadership has acknowledged Pakistan's steadfast support on key issues. Pakistan helped China in reestablishing formal ties with the West, where they helped make possible the 1972 Nixon visit to China. Pakistan has collaborated with China in extensive military and economic projects, seeing China as a counterweight to India and the United States.  Pakistan has also served as a conduit for China's influence in the Muslim world. China also has a consistent record of supporting Pakistan in regional issues. During the Pakistan-Indian tensions in 2008, it implied that it would support Pakistan in the event of a war. Pakistan's military depends heavily on Chinese armaments, and joint projects of both economic and militaristic importance are ongoing. China has supplied equipment to support Pakistan's nuclear program, and has been accused of giving nuclear technology to Pakistan.

Diplomatic relations

Diplomatic relations between Pakistan and China were established on 21 May 1951, shortly after the defeat of the Republic of China in 1949. Pakistan hoped that China would serve as a counterweight to Indian influence. With escalating border tensions leading to the 1962 Sino-Indian war, China and Pakistan aligned with each other in a joint effort to counter perceived Indian encroachment. One year after China's border war with India, Pakistan ceded the Trans-Karakoram Tract to China to end border disputes and improve diplomatic relations

Military relations

Since 1962, China has been a steady source of military equipment to the Pakistani Army.Helping establish munition factories, providing technological assistance and modernizing existing facilities. The countries are involved in the joint venture of several projects to enhance military and weaponry systems. Include collaborating in the development of JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft, K-8 Karakorum advance training aircraft, space technology, AWACS systems, Al-Khalid tanks and the Babur cruise missile. The armies have a schedule for organising joint military exercises. 


Economic relations

Both countries are keen on strengthening the economic ties between the two, and have promised to 'propel' cross-border trade. Pakistan has been granted free trade zones in China. The economic relationship between Pakistan and China is composed primarily of Chinese investment in Pakistani interests.  China's increasing economic clout has enabled a wide variety of projects to be sponsored in Pakistan through Chinese credit. Pakistani investment in China is also encouraged and cross-border trade remains fluid.

Analysts

Umar Ayub (MNA, PML-N)

"Pak-China relations began in a Bi-Polar work. Pakistan, although having alliance with the western block, maintained very cordial relations with People's Republic of China. CPEC, the landmark achievement of the relations between the two, will not only serve a trade route for Chinese exports, but will also profit Pakistan in a number of ways. China is an economically expanding power in comparison to US, so our economic policy should also divert towards China. Gawadar and CPEC are the most significant projects, and they will change the destiny of the region."

Talal Chaudhry (MNA, PML-N)

"The friendship between the two countries started when Pakistan became one of the first countries to render recognition toward China. These relations kept on increasing, and today they have reached the practical level. The two countries are cooperating in economic, industrial, infrastructural and military domains. The historical  CPEC project, when completed, will change the entire region".


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