India has asked the World Bank not to rush in to resolve a dispute with Pakistan over the Kishanganga and Ratle hydropower projects. Indian officials told a World Bank representative in New Delhi on January 5 that any differences over the projects can be resolved bilaterally or through a neutral expert. Pakistan has objected to the projects – being built by India in Jammu and Kashmir – on the grounds that they violate the 1960 Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) between the two countries. After India rejected the charge, Pakistan has gone to the World Bank – the designated IWT mediator. Islamabad has also asked the United States (US) government to intervene, and has added the component of water security to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) agreement.

Host: Dr. Shafiq Ur Rehman

Analysts on Phone:

Tahira Aurangzeb- Leader PMLN

Pakistani maritime agencies detained many Indian fishermen who strayed into its water but released dozens of them as a goodwill gesture and handed over to Indian authorities. India and Pakistan, being the neighbor countries, must have strong bilateral relations between each other. There is also a Water Treaty among each other according to which India could not block the water flowing to Pakistan. Pakistan could touch World Bank, International courts and United Nations as well to pressurize India to follow Indus Water Treaty. China could also support Pakistan in this regard. Pakistan could also use the option to stop trading with India as well.

Maj. Gen. Rtd. Farooq Malik- Defence Analyst

It is the time that Pakistan should adopt strict policies. If Indian does not want to resolve outstanding issues with Pakistan through dialogue then we should adopt the way that is understandable to India. We should have to take this violation of Indus Water Treaty issue by India to international forums including United Nations. Since Pakistan’s economy is based mainly on agriculture and related industry, and because most of Pakistan is arid or semi-arid, the Indus River System is vital to their growth and survival. We should have to take certain measures to respond to Indian conspiracies against Pakistan.

Dr. Shaheen Akhtar- IR Expert

India is violating Indus Water Treaty by constructing Kishanganga and Ratle projects which is also the violation of international laws but it will get a strong response from Pakistan. India could not violate Indus Water Treaty. Pakistan has requested World Bank to mediate in order to resolve this issue as World Bank played a vital role in Indus Water Treaty agreement. The World Bank could decide to set up a Court of Arbitration (CoA) to settle the disputes following Pakistan’s demand and also to appoint a neutral expert sought by India. Pakistan could also avail the options of international courts and United Nations as well to sort out this issue.

Dr. Zafar Nawaz Jaspal- IR Expert

India has always been involved in violation of international laws. Indian government is losing control in Kashmir so it is in the state of frustration. India itself took the issue of Kashmir dispute to United Nations but now violating UN resolutions by not giving the Kashmiris the right to self-determination. We must approach to United Nations and International courts if India violated Indus Water Treaty. China and some other countries will definitely support Pakistan’s stance in this regard.

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