Dr. Humaira Jami (Psychologist):
Population explosion is a major threat in our country that has been neglected by the previous governments. It is an alarming situation that our population growth ratio has increased from 2 to 2.4% creating big challenges of more resources to cater basic needs including food, water and other necessities. Advocating family planning is simply a matter of enabling poor people in developing countries to exercise the choices available to rich people everywhere. It is the responsibility of religious scholars and other concerned to educate people about the consequences of population explosion. The time has come where government, donor, and non-government organizations know they must cooperate to achieve tangible results. The need of the time is to mainstream population dynamics across core national and provincial development plans and strategies in this regard.
Dr. Aitzaz Ahmed (Economist):
A high population growth is a growing concern throughout the world and a challenge to countries’ economies. Although population growth places a tremendous amount of pressure on resources, which result in a chain reaction of problems as the nation grows yet it is also a fact that population growth helps a nation’s economy by stimulating economic growth and we have examples of China and India. The main challenge is to utilize the human resource in an effective manner. The population and food problem can be solved when income is enough to buy adequate food as prices provide adequate incentives to produce. The population growth creates problems in the short run that include poverty, famine and unemployment but in the long run, it leads to new developments through advancement in technology but again the need is to utilize human resource in a well manner.
Dr. Shahid Hassan Siddiqui (Economist):
We should have to control population growth as our resources are limited in comparison to population growth. The government should utilize the available resources and attempt to use legislation to limit the number of children born as it may be a threat to the country’s economy and will result in food shortage. One of the most powerful tools in stemming population growth will be education as it leads to lower birth rates and slows population growth. A more-educated workforce also makes poverty eradication and economic growth easier to achieve. The poverty is at the peak in rural areas and there are certain opportunities to improve income through livestock. The government is also making efforts to improve water reserves as population explosion may also result in shortage of water in the country.
Amir Mehmood Kiani (Federal Minister for National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination):
Pakistan launched its national population programme in 1965 in era of Ayub Khan and it was one of the first countries to take this ambitious step. The government is taking measures to involve Ulema and religious scholars to educate people in controlling population growth. Prime Minister Imran Khan and Chief Justice of Pakistan took initiative to find the ways to control population growth.
Dr. Aneela Kamal (Psychologist):
The awareness campaign should be launched in order to educate people about the after effects of over population. The government should take measures to revive the economy and to provide education and health facilities to the people, but in case the population growth rate is not checked it would reduce the quality of human resource in the country and retard economic development. Unchecked population growth in Pakistan is among one of the serious challenges which the country faces today and this rapid rise in population poses the biggest threat to the state’s plans to achieve self-sufficiency in different human development indicators. Steps needed to be taken in this regard on emergency basis.